Let’s continue the journey of understanding communication development, with a focus on the toddler aged 12 to 24 months.
Receptive Language (Understanding of Language)
12 – 18 months
- Follows routines well
- Uses play items appropriately
- Simple directions are followed e.g. “Push the car”
- Identifies familiar objects from a group; e.g. a ball, bowl, spoon
- Stories and nursery rhymes are enjoyed, often repetitively by the toddler.
- Points to named body parts and objects in a storybook.
- Identifies photographs of familiar items or objects
- Understands action words e.g. running, drinking
Expressive Language (Speaking)
- month by month more words are expressed.
- gestures, actions and facial expressions are also used in expressing needs and wants.
- single words such as “mummy”, “drink”, “no”, “more” appear.
- imitation of new words and songs are attempted.
- words increase in clarity
- questions start to be asked at x2 word level e.g. “what’s that?”, “where mummy?”.
- vocabulary is approximately 25-50 words
- 2 word combinations are used in different ways, e.g. action + object = “drink milk”; person + action = “mummy eat”; person + place = “daddy here?”
Between 1-2 years of age, toddlers experience a growth spurt of their word bank (vocabulary), and their speech becomes clearer to understand. Typically 50% of what a 2 year old says is easily understood by family and friends.
By 2 years, toddlers can say a range of speech sounds when talking (e.g. p, b, m, t, d, n, h, w)
If you have any queries about your child’s communication development; chat to a Speech Pathologist or your family doctor.
This article was published in the Spring Issue of Shire’s Children magazine, 2015; www.shireschildren.com.au
www.speechpathologyaustralia.org.au (Speech Pathology Australia – Fact Sheets)
www.speech-language-therapy.com (Caroline Bowen)