Lets continue the journey of understanding communication development, with a focus on the toddler aged 12 to 24 months…
Receptive Language (Understanding of Language)
12 – 18 months
* Follows routines well
* Uses play items appropriately
* Simple directions are followed e.g. “Push the car”
* Identifies familiar objects from a group; e.g. a ball, bowl, spoon
* Stories and nursery rhymes are enjoyed, often repetitively by the toddler.
* Points to named body parts and objects in a storybook.
* Identifies photographs of familiar items or objects
* Understands action words e.g. running, drinking
Expressive Language (Speaking)
* month by month more words are expressed.
* gestures, actions and facial expressions are also used in expressing needs and wants.
* single words such as “mummy”, “drink”, “no”, “more” appear.
* imitation of new words and songs are attempted.
* words increase in clarity
* questions start to be asked at x2 word level e.g. “what’s that?”, “where mummy?”.
* vocabulary is approximately 25-50 words
* 2 word combinations are used in different ways,
E.g. action + object = “drink milk”; person + action = “mummy eat”; person + place = “daddy here”
Between 1-2 years of age, toddlers experience a growth spurt of their word bank (vocabulary), and their speech becomes clearer to understand. Typically 50% of what a 2 year old says is easily understood by family and friends.
By 2 years, toddlers can say a range of speech sounds when talking (e.g. p, b, m, t, d, n, h, w)
If you have any queries about your child’s communication development; chat to a Speech Pathologist or your family doctor.
This article was published in the Spring Issue of Shire’s Children magazine, 2015; www.shireschildren.com.au
www.speechpathologyaustralia.org.au (Speech Pathology Australia – Fact Sheets)
www.speech-language-therapy.com (Caroline Bowen)